Alphabet Headaches - Literacy challenges for non-alphabetic English learners

Suggested Sequences for Teaching

Two recent presentations set out some possible teaching sequences for the key skills needed by Biscriptal Learners of English. These cover:

1. Phonemic Awareness and Phonics, and
2. Handwriting and Morphological Awareness/Vocabulary Development

Both are based on these two conceptual models:


Word-level areas of need


A Model of Biscriptal Reading Development

BICS = Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills
CALP = Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency

The two presentations are available as presenter's notes here:

Biscriptal Learners 1:
Phonemic Awareness and Phonics




Biscriptal Learners 2:
Handwriting and Morphological Awareness/Vocabulary Development




* Both presentations begin with a brief survey of the World's Writing Systems. The second-half of each presentation outlines the suggested teaching sequences.






























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